Among the numerous skin conditions that ail people on a daily basis, rosacea is one that is very noticeable. Its onset may cause feelings of worry, distress, and embarrassment. However, there are treatments and ways to reduce the risk of its occurrence again. Look through the rest of this guide for more information and resources on rosacea, its causes, treatments and prevention.
What is Rosacea?
Rosea is a skin condition in which blood vessels close to the surface enlarge. This mainly occurs on the face in the T-zone area, creating the appearance of red patches on the skin. There are four stages of rosacea. In the first stage, affected areas appear permanently red, with some blood vessels showing through the skin. The second stage brings on small red bumps, some of which are filled with pus. In the third stage, the affected skin becomes thicker and irregular. This is usually most visible on the nose, cheeks, foreheads and even eyelids. In the fourth stage, rosacea affects the eyes, making them appear red and irritated. Victims may even feel the sensation of a foreign body in the eyes. Until the fourth stage, rosacea is not harmful.
Causes of Rosacea
Rosacea is most often seen in Caucasians, with higher rates noted among women and people between thirty to sixty years of age. When they are subjected to external factors that cause them to blush or flush repeatedly over a period of time, it can trigger rosacea. Some examples can include extreme hot or cold weather, strong winds, stress, intense exercise, spicy foods, caffeinated beverages and some medications.
How to Avoid Breakouts
A good way to help avoid rosacea breakouts is by reducing exposure to elements that trigger it. For example, spending significant amounts of time in the sun or in hot weather is the most cited trigger. Many sufferers address this by simply wearing sunscreen, wearing a hat, staying in the shade, or remaining indoors. Those who develop rosacea on the eyelids must take special care to clean that area with a recommended cleaning solution.
Treatments for Rosacea
There are a number of pharmaceutical medications available to treat rosacea. These include oral and tropical antibiotics, azelaic acid that can be applied directly to the skin, and chemical peels. Laser therapy is another option available; while it does treat the capillaries and remove redness, the sessions may need to be repeated periodically. Alternatively, there are also many natural treatments that can be used. These include green tea cream, licorice, Vitamin B, digestive enzymes, and apple cider vinegar.?